Today a colleague and I wanted to install gnuradio on a Raspberry Pi. This can than be combined with the amazing RTL-SDR dongle. This dongle this is a DVB-T USB stick, but can be turned into full software defined radio.

More information on that can be found here: http://www.rtl-sdr.com/about-rtl-sdr/.

Compiling gnuradio

When trying to compile gnuradio on the RPi (Raspberry Pi) we followed this description. But we quickly ran into a problem, compiling would take 20+ hours!

After running ‘make’ and grabbing a cup of coffee we set ourself a new goal, is it possible to emulate the RPi on our fast Macbook instead?

Spoiler: Building in the emulator is just as slow. There is a slightly faster method involving chroot. But if you really want speed you’ll have to set up a cross compiler environment, which I haven’t been able to get up and running yet.

Qemu

After following a couple of guides that didn’t work we finally managed to get Qemu up and running, this is what we did:

  • Install and upgrade Xcode to 4.3 or above
  • Install the latest version of Homebrew

Now we need to modify the Homebrew formula (which downloads and install qemu) to the correct version:

osx$ vi /usr/local/Library/Formula/qemu.rb

I’m using the osx$ prefix for commands that are executed on your OS X machine, pi$ for commands on the virtual Raspberry Pi.

Use the following file to get the working version 1.7.1 (other versions had SCSI problems): qemu.rb

require 'formula'

class Qemu < Formula
  homepage 'http://www.qemu.org/'
  url 'http://wiki.qemu.org/download/qemu-1.7.1.tar.bz2'

  depends_on 'jpeg'
  depends_on 'gnutls'
  depends_on 'glib'

  fails_with :clang do
    build 318
  end

  def install
    system "./configure", "--prefix=#{prefix}",
                          "--cc=#{ENV.cc}",
                          "--host-cc=#{ENV.cc}",
                          "--enable-cocoa",
                          "--disable-bsd-user",
                          "--disable-guest-agent"
    system "make install"
  end
end

After setting qemu.rb to the correct version you can install qemu:

osx$ brew install qemu --env=std --cc=gcc-4.2

Now check if qemu is installed correctly:

osx$ qemu-system-arm -version
QEMU emulator version 1.7.1, Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard

Now we need to download two thing:

  1. Linux kernel
  2. Raspbian image

To download the linux kernel:

osx$ curl http://xecdesign.com/downloads/linux-qemu/kernel-qemu > kernel-qemu

Now we’ve downloaded the latest version of the raspbian image.
In our case: 2014-01-07-wheezy-raspbian.img

First boot

Now it is time to start the image in the emulator:

osx$ qemu-system-arm -cpu arm1176 -m 256 -M versatilepb -no-reboot -serial stdio -append "root=/dev/sda2 panic=1 rootfstype=ext4 rw init=/bin/bash" -kernel kernel-qemu -hda 2014-01-07-wheezy-raspbian.img

This first boot is a bit special because we only initialize /bin/bash. This is because we need to make two changes to the system:

We need to add a comment to this file:

pi$ vi /etc/ld.so.preload

Comment this line by placing a # in front of the line:

#/usr/lib/arm-linux-gnueabihf/libcofi_rpi.so

Now create the following file:

pi$ vi /etc/udev/rules.d/90-qemu.rules

And put in the following content: 90-qemu.rules

KERNEL=="sda", SYMLINK+="mmcblk0"
KERNEL=="sda?", SYMLINK+="mmcblk0p%n"
KERNEL=="sda2", SYMLINK+="root"

Now we can stop the emulator and make one final change, the image file is a bit small and we need to increase the size before we continue:

osx$ qemu-img resize 2014-01-07-wheezy-raspbian.img +8G

From now on we can do a normal boot (save this command) by removing the “init=/bin/bash” part:

osx$ qemu-system-arm -cpu arm1176 -m 256 -M versatilepb -no-reboot -serial stdio -append "root=/dev/sda2 panic=1 rootfstype=ext4 rw" -kernel kernel-qemu -hda 2014-01-07-wheezy-raspbian.img

The last thing we need to do to get our virtual Raspberry Pi up and running is:

pi$ sudo ln -snf mmcblk0p2 /dev/root
pi$ sudo raspi-config

In this menu, you can “Expand filesystem” to make use of the increased image size (need to reboot afterwards).

Now you are ready to explore the raspberry pi without actually needing one.

(Broken) sources:
https://github.com/psema4/pine/wiki/Installing-QEMU-on-OS-X
http://xecdesign.com/qemu-emulating-raspberry-pi-the-easy-way/

Some problems we’ve encountered:

  • qemu raspberry pi boot getting stuck in ‘scsi’ loop (fixed by using version 1.7.1)
  • Disk size problems, resize didn’t work, expand filesystem didn’t work (fixed expanding and using ln -snf)
 
  • http://about.me/ester misato

    What you probably want is cross compile for the raspberry pi in your OSX machine. That can be done compiling the toolchain. You can have a look a this post (i’m not the original author, but this was the first link I found in google) http://www.jaredwolff.com/blog/cross-compiling-on-mac-osx-for-raspberry-pi/

  • http://blog.iavin.com Avi

    what if I want install it on a already installed SD card?

    • http://www.royvanrijn.com royvanrijn

      I havent tried this yet, but I think in theory you should be able to open an existing image from SD and also put the image back on the SD; I’ll try this once my own personal Rasp Pi arrives!